Sunday, February 17, 2013


Dictionary of Zen Buddhism

Sitting in zazen, the Buddha awakened to the profound reality of all things (Buddha means “the awakened one”). All his teaching comes from the clarity of his awakened viewpoint. We do not practice zazen to obtain awakening because zazen is itself awakening. Zazen reveals our true nature, Buddha-nature. Awakening is the natural condition of the mind.
an awakened being. Through his practice and awakening, the bodhisattva naturally helps all existences. Jukai, the bodhisattva ordination, usually for lay people, marks the beginning of the Buddha-way.

The Law, the directing principle of the Universe, the reality as it is in its totality. The Universe is one; all existences have the same nature; when all existences follow the Universal Law, everything is in balance and harmony; everything is Buddha. Shakyamuni Buddha and the Zen masters taught only this; this is why Dharma also means, the Teaching.

The Way. It is the Buddha-dharma. It is without beginning and end and without a goal. Progress on the Way is in itself realization.

The dojo is not an ordinary place; it is the room where we practice zazen. When we enter the dojo, we naturally let go of all personal preoccupations and concentrate on the way we walk, sit etc. The mind is open and present to the reality of the moment.
This is the selfless gift that expects nothing in return. Fuse is one of the six paramitas, the six perfections of wisdom. The whole Universe works in the mode of fuse: giving-receiving. We can give material goods, but also one’s time, energy, concentration, etc. Spreading the teaching is also a gift.

This is a gesture of respect, gratitude and veneration. The palms of the hands are placed together in front of the face, the forearms horizontal.

Consciousness during zazen, which does not behave like the intellect. During zazen, thoughts appear and disappear naturally. If we let this process happen freely, without giving form to thought, without wanting to flee from them, the intellect becomes peaceful by itself and hishiryo consciousness appears, beyond thinking and non-thinking; it is absolute consciousness. It is body-mind thinking in unity with the whole universe. Hishiryo is inexpressible; it cannot be explained, but we can experience it in zazen, naturally and unconsciously.

The kesa is the garment of Buddha; it is the garment of awakening transmitted from master to disciple and worn by monks. Originally, it was a collection of old pieces of cloth, washed, dyed and carefully sewn together in the traditional way.


This is the concentration of zazen in the act of walking. We practice kin-hin in the dojo between two periods of zazen. The mind concentrates on the slow walk, each step taken in coordination with the breathing.

Spoken teaching during zazen

Teaching in the dojo in the form of a question from the disciple and an answer from the master.

This is work done for the community, mushotoku. Samu is one of the aspects of the practice; it is the mind of zazen in every act of daily life: serving others, preparing food, cleaning, working in the vegetable garden, etc.

This is the community of monks and nuns and, by extension in the West, ordained lay people, and all those practicing together. The same term designates a group of practitioners who practice with a master in a temple. It also means, on a larger scale, the entire group of practitioners in Sôtô Zen (or Buddhism). When we are ordained a bodhisattva, we take refuge in the Three

Retreat during a practice session lasting from 2 to 9 days. Through forgetting all our habitual pre-occupations, we can dive deeply into the practice. Zazen and all our everyday actions are emphasized: zazen, ceremony, samu and study. This is how our true, original mind manifests, the Buddha-nature that all existences in the Universe share.

Only sitting. Committing oneself completely to zazen, mind-body in unity, giving up everything, dropping the idea of “me”, just sitting, nothing else. A single existence in the universe, “a single flame on a zafu.”

The five skanda, the aggregates that make up life, the workings of the body and mind of human beings. Shiki, matter, form; jû, perceptions from the sense organs; sô, sensations; gyô, action; shiki, personal consciousness.

Soto Zen 
Originally, one of the Chinese Chan (Zen) schools, the name coming from masters Tozan Ryokai and Sozan Hojaku (IX century). In the XIII century, Master Dogen returned to Japan from China and transmitted the Sôtô lineage. He founded the principles of what would become the Sôtô

Buddha, Dharma, Sangha.

Spoken teaching in the form of a lecture given by the master.

A round cushion stuffed with kapok (silky fibre from the silk-cotton tree) that enables one, during zazen, to tilt the pelvis forward, push the ground with the knees, and to stretch the spine upwards.

Za, seated; Zen, meditation. Zazen is itself awakening. It is the direct experience of ultimate reality. Through the practice of concentration (Samadhi), the intellect becomes calm, the notion of “I” fades, body and mind are dropped, and we return unconsciously to our true nature, Buddha-nature, in unity with all existences and the whole cosmos. Buddha awakened while sitting in zazen. All his teaching, “Buddhism”, comes from this living experience.

Dictionary of Tea Ceremony

It is the simple but elegant style of flower arranging for Japanese Tea Ceremony.
(Source : The book of tea by Kakuzo Okakura, Japan :Kodansha International,1991,c1989)

The Japanese tea ceremony, also called the Way of Tea, is a Japanese cultural activity involving the ceremonial preparation and presentation of tea.

A chaji is a much more formal gathering, usually including a full-course Kaiseki meal followed by confections, Koicha (thick tea) and thin tea. A chaji can last up to four hours.

A chakai is a relatively simple course of hospitality that includes confections, Usucha (thin tea) and perhaps a light meal.

A small rectangular white linen or hemp cloth mainly used to wipe the tea bowl.

Tea whisk, it is the implement used to mix the powdered tea with the hot water. Tea whisks are carved from a single piece of bamboo, it quickly become worn and damaged with use, and the host should use a new one when holding a chakai or chaji.

Tea scoops, is generally are carved from a single piece of bamboo. They are used to scoop tea from the tea caddy into the tea bowl. Larger scoops are used to transfer tea into the tea caddy in the preparation area, but guests will not see this.

Teahouse, a purpose-built room designed for the wabi style of tea.
(Source : Tea culture of Japan /Sadako Ohki, New Haven :Yale University Art Gallery,2009)

Tea bowls, are available in a wide range of sizes and styles, and different styles are used for thick and thin tea. Shallow bowls, which allow the tea to cool rapidly, are used in summer; deep bowls are used in winter.

Ichi-go ichi-e
It is a Japanese term that describes a cultural concept often linked with famed tea master, Sen No Rikyu. The term is often translated as "for this time only," "never again," or "one chance in a lifetime." Ichi-go ichi-e is linked with Zen Buddhism and concepts of transience. The term is particularly associated with theJapanese tea ceremony, and is often brushed onto scrolls, which are hung in the tearoom. In the context of tea ceremony, ichi-go ichi-e reminds participants that each tea meeting is unique.
(Source : The book of tea by Kakuzo Okakura, Japan :Kodansha International,1991,c1989)

It is a meal served in the context of a formal tea function.
(Source : Tea culture of Japan /Sadako Ohki, New Haven :Yale University Art Gallery,2009)

Thick Tea, the best quality tea leaves are used in preparing thick tea. It is kneaded with the whisk to smoothly blend the large amount of powdered tea with the water and one bowl of thick tea is shared among several guests

Green Tea Powder

The preparation area in a Japanese tea house (chashitsu) or attached to any venue used for the Japanese Tea Ceremony, but this area will not seen by guests
(Source : Tea culture of Japan /Sadako Ohki, New Haven :Yale University Art Gallery,2009)

Tea Caddy, a small lidded container in which the powdered tea is placed for use in the tea-making procedure.

The manner or the art performed in the tea ceremony
(Source : Tea culture of Japan /Sadako Ohki, New Haven :Yale University Art Gallery,2009)

It is a Japanese traditional formal way of sitting. To sit seiza-style, one first kneels on the floor, folding their legs underneath their thighs, while resting the buttlocks on the heels. The ankles are turned outward as the tops of the feet are lowered so that, in a slight "V" shape, the tops of the feet are flat on the floor and big toes sometimes are overlapped, and the buttocks are finally lowered all the way down.

Green Tea Leaves/ungrounded green tea

It is a type of mat used as a flooring material in traditional Japanese style rooms.

A built-in recessed space in a Japanese style reception room, in which items for artistic appreciation are displayed. The items usually displayed in a tokonoma are calligraphic and/or pictorial scrolls and an arrangement of flowers
(Source : Tea culture of Japan /Sadako Ohki, New Haven :Yale University Art Gallery,2009)

It is a small basin provided in Japanese Buddhist Temples for visitors to purify themselves by the ritual washing of hands and rinsing of the mouth (perform ablutions). This type of ritual cleansing is also the custom for guests attending a tea ceremony.

Thin Tea, which matcha and hot water are whipped using the tea whisk and served to each guest in an individual bowl.

A style of Japanese Tea Ceremony, which emphasizes simplicity, Spartan and rustic. It evolves as part of movement to appreciate a local ware and simple style.
(Source : The book of tea by Kakuzo Okakura, Japan :Kodansha International,1991,c1989)

Tea garden, The Japanese term used for the garden through which one passes to the chashitsu for the tea ceremony. The roji generally cultivates an air of simplicity.
(Source : Tea culture of Japan /Sadako Ohki, New Haven :Yale University Art Gallery,2009)

Dictionary. Word


The components of the psychophysical [ersonality, on the basis of which beings commonly impute the false notion of self. The five aggregates are form, feelings, discriminations, consciousness, compositional factors.

Source: John Powwers, Introduction to Tibetan Buddhism

Anamorphic Projection

is a distorted projection or perspective requiring the viewer to use special devices or occupy a specific vantage point to reconstitute the image. The word " anamorphosis" is derived from the Greek prefix ana-, meaning back or again, and the word morphe. meaning shape or form.

Source: Wikipedia


literally "awakening" being," one who has generated bodhicitta and seeks awakening for the benefit of others.

Source: John Powwers, Introduction to Tibetan Buddhism


Sensityvity to the sufferings exoerienced by other beings, coupled with a desire to help to overcome suffering and it causes.

Source: John Powwers, Introduction to Tibetan Buddhism


The final nature of phenomena, their absence of ingerent existence.

Source: John Powwers, Introduction to Tibetan Buddhism


Action (which is linked with it causes and effects)

Source: John Powwers, Introduction to Tibetan Buddhism


A spiritual preceptor.

Source: John Powwers, Introduction to Tibetan Buddhism


Literally "Great Vehicle," this is the Buddhist system that emphasizes the path and practice of the boddhisattva.

Source: John Powwers, Introduction to Tibetan Buddhism


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Dictionary. Word

Supernatural (large)

The supernatural (Medieval Latin: supernātūrālis: supra "above" + naturalis "nature", first used: 1520–30 AD) is that which is not subject to the laws of nature, or more figuratively, that which is said to exist above and beyond nature. With neoplatonic and medieval scholastic origins, the metaphysical considerations can be difficult to approach as an exercise in philosophy or theology because any dependencies on its antithesis, the natural, will ultimately have to be inverted or rejected. In popular culture and fiction, the supernatural is whimsically associated with the paranormal and the occult, this differs from traditional concepts in some religions, such as Catholicism, where divine miracles are considered supernatural.

Source: Wikipedia

Sunday, October 14, 2012

Dictionary. Word

"Hierarchy Rule"

Different triggers through architecture or people that makes one realize if whether or not they belong to a space e.g. Having an elevated floor with carpets on in a Chanel booth where you are wearing casual clothing would make you feel like you do not belong in the space.

"Mental/ Psychology Rule"

Intangible ideas that influences the way people perceive space e.g. at a mosque, there is no sign that states that one has to be quiet, but through people's belief, they know that they should show respect and be quiet and concentrated when they are in a mosque.


Something that you cannot touch

Thursday, September 27, 2012


Patternicity :
- the tendency to find meaningful patterns in meaningless noise
Source : Wikipedia

- the state or ability to perceive, to feel or to be conscious of events, objects, or sensory patterns.
- perceive or recognize that there is something there
Source : Wikipedia

Perceive :
- become aware or conscious of something.
Source : New Oxford American Dictionary

- be aware or person/ object through touching or physical sensation
Source : New Oxford American Dictionary

-the quality or state of being aware of an external object or something
Source : New Oxford American Dictionary

Attention :
- the cognitive process of selectively concentrating on one aspect of the environment while ignoring other things.
Source : Wikipedia

Alert |əˈlərt|
- quick to notice any unusual
- the state of being watchful
Source : New Oxford American Dictionary

- watchful, attentive, observant, wide awake
Source : Oxford American Writer's Thesaurus